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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section A】
试题内容
Section A
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
  
   Many men and women have long bought into the idea that there are “male” and “female” brains, believing that explains just about every difference between the sexes. A new study  26  that belief, questioning whether brains really can be distinguished by gender.
  In the study, Tel Aviv University researchers  27  for sex differences throughout the entire human brain.
  And what did they find? Not much. Rather than offer evidence fo  28  brains as “male” or “female,” research shows that brains fall into a wide range, with most people falling right in the middle.
  Daphna Joel, who led the study, said her research found that while there are some gender-based  29 , many different types of brain can’t always be distinguished by gender.
  While the “average” male and “average” female brains were  30  different, you couldn’t tell it by looking at individual brain scans. Only a small  31  of people had “all-male” or “all-female” characteristics.
  Larry Cahill, an American neuroscientist(神经科学家), said the study is an important addition to a growing body of research questioning  32  beliefs about gender and brain function. But he cautioned against concluding from this study that all brains are the same, 33  of gender.
  “There’s a mountain of evidence  34  the importance of sex influences at all levels of brain function,” he told The Seattle Times.
  If anything, he said, the study  35  that gender plays a very important role in the brain—“even when we are not clear exactly how.”
A) abnormal

B) applied

C) briefly

D) categorizing

E) challenges

F) figure

G) percentage

H) proving

I) regardless

J) searched

K) similaritie!

L) slightly

M) suggests

N) tastes

0) traditional

1.[选词填空]
    • 解题思路:句意:这项研究表明性别在大脑中起着非常重要的作用。分析句子结构可知,空格处应填入谓语动词。suggest意为“表明;暗示”,符合语意。故答案为M。
    2.[选词填空]
      • 解题思路:句意:一项新的研究质疑这种看法,怀疑大脑是否真的能被性别区分开来。分析句子结构可知,空格处缺少谓语动词。challenge作动词时,表示“挑战;质疑”,与后面的question相呼应,符合语境。故答案为E。
      3.[选词填空]
        • 解题思路:句意:有大量证据证明在各级大脑功能性别有重要影响。分析句子结构可知,空格处应填入动词的现在分词。proving与前面的evidence相对应,故答案为H。
        4.[选词填空]
          • 解题思路:句意:没有为大脑有“男性”“女性”之分提供依据,研究表明,大脑范围很广,大多数人正好处于中间。空格位于介词for后,结合后文可知应填入动名词。categorize意为“把……分类”,符合语意。故答案为D。
          5.[选词填空]
            • 解题思路:句意:在这项研究中,特拉维夫大学的研究人员在整个人类大脑中寻找性别差异。分析句子结构可知,空格处应填入谓语动词。search for为固定搭配,意为“寻找”,符合语意。故答案为J。
            6.[选词填空]
              • 解题思路:句意:虽然“一般”男性和“一般”女性大脑略有不同,但你不能通过观察个别的大脑扫描分辨出来。分析句子结构可知,空格处应填入副词来修饰形容词different。结合备选项中的副词并联系上下文可知此处应填slightly。故答案为L。
              7.[选词填空]
                • 解题思路:句意:只有一小部分人有“全男性”或“全女性”的特点。分析句子结构可知,空格处缺少一个名词,a small percentage of表示“一小部分”,符合语意。故答案为G。
                8.[选词填空]
                  • 解题思路:句意:但他告诫不要从这项研究得出结论,所有的大脑是相同的,无论性别。regardless of为固定短语,意为“不管,无论”。故答案为I。
                  9.[选词填空]
                    • 解题思路:句意:越来越多的研究质疑传统的关于性别和大脑功能的观念,这项研究是一个重要的补充。分析句子结构可知,空格处应填形容词。traditional传统的,符合语意。故答案为O。
                    10.[选词填空]
                      • 解题思路:句意:尽管有一些基于性别的相似之处,许多不同类型的大脑不能总按性别区分。分析句子结构可知,空格处应填入名词,similarity表示“类似点,相似之处”,符合语意。故答案为K。
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                      • 参考答案:M,E,H,D,J,L,G,I,O,K
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